There are two scenarios that can warrant a full mouth reconstruction. Firstly, you might have had multiple teeth knocked out all at once due to an accident—which may have also resulted in significant damage to your remaining teeth. Secondly, years of neglect may have resulted in the gradual deterioration of your teeth, with each tooth affected to some degree. This is why all your teeth need attention to the point that the end result can be considered a full mouth reconstruction.
Although you will be hearing the term full mouth reconstruction, it should be acknowledged that this isn't a specific form of treatment. Instead, there will be multiple treatments employed, which all add up to the reconstruction of your mouth, and it's a multistage process. There are key forms of treatment that will likely be required.
Multiple Missing Teeth
When multiple consecutive teeth are missing, it's not as though something like a dental bridge will offer the necessary durability as a replacement. Individual dental implants are also unlikely to yield the desired results, while also being costly and time-consuming to finish. When multiple teeth or a full arch restoration (replacing the entirety of your upper or lower teeth) becomes necessary, your dentist will recommend implant-supported dentures.
An Entire Dental Arch
Implant-supported dentures can replace an entire dental arch without the need for each tooth to have its own implant. Instead, strategic implants (anywhere from four to eight) will be affixed in your jaw, and these are then attached to a permanent denture that will replace your teeth.
In addition to an implant-supported denture, you might have individual teeth that require attention. When a sufficient amount of the tooth's structure has remained intact, it can simply be capped with a dental crown. This restores the tooth's size and functionality without the need to extract and replace it with a dental prosthesis.
For teeth that have experienced deterioration or damage that don't quite warrant a full dental crown, your dentist may simply opt to bond these. Dental bonding is simply a process that requires the addition of a tooth-colored composite dental resin, which rebuilds the tooth, restoring missing or damaged sections with the resin. It is then light-cured so it dries instantly.
As you can see, there's no such individual procedure as a full mouth reconstruction. Instead, the process is the end result of a multistage treatment plan that restores your smile in both its aesthetics and functionality. For more information about full mouth reconstruction, contact a dentist.